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BRITISH GOAT SOCIETY

Goat Breeds

 
Anglo Nubian Golden & British Guernsey Angora Bagot
British Alpine Saanen Boer Harness
British Saanen British  Cashmere Pygmy
British Toggenburg Toggenburg
English

ANGORA

Angora goats produce MOHAIR, which should not be confused with Angora wool, which comes from Angora rabbits 

While other goats are double-coated, i.e. they have coarse outer hairs and an under-down; Angora goats are the only single-coated breed. The presence of any coarse hairs, known as kemp and medullated fibres, are faults.  

Mohair is a fine luxurious fibre, which can readily be dyed to brilliant colours. It is sometimes referred to as the "diamond fibre" because of its lustre and hardwearing properties. It is often blended with other natural fibres to produce yarns and textiles. Angora goats are sheared twice a year, usually in January and late summer. As the fleece grows, it forms "ringlets" or staples, due to a spiral twist known as style and a crimp known as character. The length, lustre, density, quality, fineness and evenness of the fleece are all-important, a product of heredity and management. Fibre diameter increases with the goat’s age; kid mohair is under 30 microns in diameter, young goat is 30 - 33 microns, and adult is over 33 microns. The finest fibre is the most highly priced and is used for sweaters and cloth, the coarsest for rugs. A fleece report, generated by microscope and computer, should be seen for any animal considered for purchase and the results of the British Angora Goat Society's Sire evaluation Scheme should also be taken into account. Since a heavy fleece from a male goat may weigh 6 kg. and that from a female 4 kg., a sturdy body and strong legs are important. Once shorn the mohair may be home processed or sold as it is through British Mohair Marketing Ltd. 

As well as Angora goat classes at shows, fleece competitions are held, and craft competitions at which beautiful garments of the highest standard may be seen. Angora goats require plenty of forage in their diet, (see BGS booklet "Feeding Goats") and adequate housing after shearing and around kidding time.

Further information can be obtained from the Secretary of the British Angora Goat Society (also the Secretary of British Mohair Marketing):
The Secretary, 135 West Bawrty Road, Rotheram, South Yorkshire, S60 2XQ. Tel: 01143 602020

E-mail: secretary@angoragoats-mohair.org.uk

BOER

The Boer goat is a specialist meat goat that originates in South Africa, where its ability to produce excellent carcase conformation coupled with a fast growth rate has been improved over many years.UK Boers were imported from Europe in the late 1980`s, although 2000 has seen new importations from Canada and New Zealand to strengthen the genetic pool (EEC regulations do not allow direct imports from South Africa).

Boers are docile by nature, despite their size and graze well. Adult bucks can reach 150 Kg., and does 100 Kg. Boer bucks can be used as terminal sires to improve meat  carcases from dairy does.

Low percentage Boer females  make excellent dual purpose meat/milk animals. (While higher percentage does will rear their kids successfully, the volume of milk is lower and lactation shorter than dairy breeds.) As numbers grow, herds of Boers kept solely for meat production are beginning to appear and the future looks bright for this breed of gentle giants. For more information on Boer goats contact
Mrs J Wilson, Gibshiel, Tarset, Hexham, Northumberland NE48 1RR
Tel: 01434 267939
Email: bbgs.secretary@gmail.com
Web site: http://www.britishboergoatsociety.co.uk

 

CASHMERE

Cashmere is the down produced by the skin’s secondary hair follicles, which grows in response to decreasing day-length, thus protecting the goat from the winter cold much more efficiently than do the guard-hairs produced by the primary hair follicles (these coarser hairs make up the visible coat of the animal). Thus the word “cashmere” describes the down, not the goat, and many goats have the genetic makeup that enables them to produce down. 

 To be acceptable for processing, however, cashmere fibres must be as fine as possible, and by definition the diameter must not exceed 18.5 microns. Other properties are also required - a suitable length (about 4.5 cm.), construction, crimp and colour (white ismore valuable than brown or grey). Before spinning, the inevitable guard hairs shed when the cashmere moults out in the spring must be removed. For this reason cashmere processing is currently an industrial, rather than a domestic procedure.

 

 

 

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